Dido, also called Elissa, in Greek legend, the reputed founder of Carthage, daughter of the Tyrian king Mutto (or Belus), and wife of Sychaeus (or Acerbas). Character Analysis Dido Dido is the queen of Carthage. After Dido accuses Aeneas of fleeing her land, Aeneas responds not in the strong, direct manner that has characterized his speech throughout Books 2 and 3, but in an evasive, almost dishonest fashion. One of the ancestors of Emperor Augustus, Aeneas is one of the only survivors of the Trojan War. In Book IV, Dido knows that her relationship with Aeneas is fated to fail. Virgil, however, in his Aeneid, reshaped this story to make Dido a contemporary of Aeneas, whose descendants founded Rome. She is a figure of passion and volatility, qualities that contrast with Aeneas’s order and control, and traits that Virgil associated with Rome itself in his own day. Dido is the queen of Carthage. Virgil warns that love out of control can cause disorder, both physically and emotionally. The Aeneid study guide contains a biography of Virgil, literature essays, a complete e-text, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis. Dido proves Virgil's comment when she lashes out at the gods. Aeneas's emotionless speech directly contrasts with Dido's impassioned plea. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Virgil compares Dido's uncontrolled passion to a consuming fire that can not be extinguished: "The queen, for her part, all that evening ached / With longing that her heart's blood fed, a wound / Or inward fire eating her away." Where am I? Fittingly, Dido dies on a pyre used for burning corpses in funeral rites by committing suicide with Aeneas's sword. The Aeneid literature essays are academic essays for citation. Any character sketch of Aeneas should come to terms with his treatment of Dido at this crucial juncture. In his speech to Dido in Book 4, however, he is suddenly depicted in a far more negative light. These papers were written primarily by students and provide critical analysis of The Aeneid. Later, when she discovers that Aeneas plans to leave Carthage, she becomes "all aflame / With rage." A fearless warrior and remarkable leader, Aeneas guides his... How does Aeneas illustrate the values of Rome and societal expectations for behavior. Her husband having been slain by her brother Pygmalion, Dido fled to the coast of Africa where she purchased from a local chieftain, Iarbas, a piece of land on which she founded Carthage. She neglects the building projects that are underway in Carthage and the city's defense is not maintained. Virgil portrays her as Aeneas's equal and feminine counterpart. What madness / Takes me out of myself? The Aeneid E-Text contains the full text of The Aeneid. Dido also represents the sacrifice Aeneas … She embodies the qualities of a leader that Aeneas respects and hopes to employ when he founds Rome. Aeneus is the titular protagonist of the Aeneid, Aeneas is one of the great epic heroes. Leave he must. In the early books of the Aeneid, Aeneas is portrayed as the son of gods (1.579), "handsome past all others" (4.190), and a valiant, loyal warrior. Virgil quite clearly intended the Aeneid to appeal to the patriotic spirit of the Romans, documenting the origins of the great Roman Empire. Her dying curse on the Trojans provides a mythical origin for the Punic Wars between Rome and Carthage. In Aeneas's speech to Dido, he invokes his responsibility to the gods in order to exempt himself from responsibility for his hurtful actions, saying that "It is not/ my own free will that leads to Italy" (4.491-92). Like Aeneas, Dido fled her homeland because of circumstances beyond her control. If they marry, Juno suggests, the Trojans and the Tyrians would be at … Aeneas is not only arguing for Dido that he is not wrong to leave her - he is obeying divine directions at great cost - but he also seems to be assuaging his own guilt. Aeneas's cold-sober attitude towards Dido is far different than that which he displayed towards his first wife, Creusa, of whom he says that "fate tears from [him]" (2.994). Not affiliated with Harvard College.