2 U.S. banking center. North Carolina atlas: portrait of a changing southern state.  North Carolina is the leading producer of tobacco in the country. Raleigh, Durham, and Chapel Hill form the Research Triangle, a major area of universities and advanced scientific and technical research. Western North Carolina barbecue is commonly referred to as Lexington barbecue after the Piedmont Triad town of Lexington, home of the Lexington Barbecue Festival, which attracts more than 100,000 visitors each October. The information and biotechnology industries have been steadily on the rise since the creation of the Research Triangle Park (RTP) in the 1950s. Powell, William Stevens. At 6,684 feet, Mount Mitchell is the highest point in the U.S. East of the. Under his banner, many conservative white Democrats in the central and eastern parts of North Carolina began to vote Republican, at least in national elections. By 1665, a second charter was issued to attempt to resolve territorial questions. Quakers were some of the first settlers to move to North Carolina, because the colony had established religious freedom as early as 1672. , North Carolina has 17 major river basins. Over the past few years, another important Carolina industry, furniture production, has also been hard hit by jobs moving to Asia (especially China). As such, Friends were pacifists, believing that no one should ever kill another person for any reason. eval(ez_write_tag([[728,90],'newworldencyclopedia_org-medrectangle-4','ezslot_2',162,'0','0'])); North Carolina is bordered by South Carolina on the south, Georgia on the southwest, Tennessee on the west, Virginia on the north, and the Atlantic Ocean on the east. When a person died, his or her soul and the Inner Light would connect back to God. Religion was fairly standard. In the Battle of Cowan's Ford, Cornwallis met resistance along the banks of the Catawba River at Cowan's Ford on February 1, 1781, in an attempt to engage General Morgan's forces during a tactical withdrawal.  North Carolina is also home to a spectrum of different dialects of Southern American English and Appalachian English. They worshipped many different spirits. These worship services were unlike the organized church services of the Anglicans or Puritans. The United States abolished slavery without compensation to slaveholders or reparations to freedmen. Opens, and one U.S. Women's Open. Following the Civil War, the state was restored to the Union on June 25, 1868. Succeeding peoples, including those of the ancient Mississippian culture established by 1000 AD in the Piedmont, continued to build or add on to such mounds. By 1663, King Charles II of England granted a charter to start a new colony on the North American continent; it generally established North Carolina's borders. In the spring of 1568, natives killed all but one of the soldiers and burned the six forts in the interior, including the one at Fort San Juan. No other area of equal size in a temperate climate can match the park's amazing diversity of plants, animals, and invertebrates. (The "Lost Colony" is commemorated at the Fort Raleigh National Historic Site on Roanoke Island, North Carolina.). In 1860 one-third of the state’s population were African American slaves. North Carolina made the smallest per-capita contribution to the Revolutionary War of any state, as only 7,800 men joined the Continental Army under General George Washington; an additional 10,000 served in local militia units under such leaders as General Nathanael Greene. (1997) "A General History of Blackbeard the Pirate, the Queen Anne's Revenge and the Adventure".  The undecided election in North Carolina's 9th congressional district was because the bipartisan State Election Board refused in February 2019 to certify the results, after an investigation found evidence of widespread ballot fraud committed by Republican operatives. Create your own unique website with customizable templates. The Supreme Court is the state's highest appellate court. In 2013, Southern Living named Durham–Chapel Hill the South's "Tastiest City". This was particularly true of non-slave-owning farmers in the state's mountains and western Piedmont region.  Elected in 1862, Governor Zebulon Baird Vance tried to maintain state autonomy against Confederate President Jefferson Davis in Richmond.