A stingray is a sea animal with a whip-like tail. Many scientists believe that the eyes of the stingray do not play a significant role in hunting. They normally live in coastal tropical and subtropical marine waters, making it possible for them to come in contact with humans. That also evoked fear in people that this could be their fate too if … Stingray injuries are usually defensive actions, not attacks. A stingray's venomous stinger (spine) at the base of their tails lashes out and can cause cuts or punctures. Medical treatment may involve removing any foreign matter left in the wound, washing and disinfecting the wound, and submerging the wound in very hot water (as hot as the victim can stand). Call 911. In order to crush the shells of crabs, clams, sea snails and other mollusks, stingrays need serious chomping power! Stingray Facts and Information Introduction to Stingray. Call 911. Stingray stings usually happen by accident when someone steps on a stingray, resulting in injury to the legs or feet. 2. Stingrays are a flat-bodied cartilaginous fish with one or more barbed stingers located midway on the tail. The mechanism is called a sting, up to 8 inches (20 cm) long in a bull ray, located near the base of the tail. The patient of a stingray sting will need medical attention. Stingrays generally aren’t dangerous — in fact, they have a reputation for being gentle. SOURCES: Diaz, J. Check out our cool facts about them, below… Stingray facts. Stingrays sting to scare us away. The eyes of stingrays peer out from their dorsal sides. There is a venom gland at the base of the spine and a membrane-like sheath that covers the entire sting mechanism. Twenty-two species of stingrays are found in US coastal waters, 14 in the Atlantic and 8 in the Pacific. 1. Stingray injuries are caused by the venomous tail spines, stingers or dermal denticles of rays in the order Myliobatiformes, most significantly those belonging to the families Dasyatidae, Urotrygonidae, Urolophidae, and Potamotrygonidae. Patients should make their way back to the safety of shore by shuffling their feet (so they won't be stung again). What Do Stingrays Eat? Freshwater stingrays are carnivores, feeding mostly on fish and crustaceans in the wild. To do this, stingrays’ jaws are several layers thick with hollow struts supporting the its softer cartilage cores. However, the fish’s nostrils, gill slits, and mouth are located on its underbelly. The sting is painful, but usually not very harmful. Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society, July-August, 2007. Rays and skates are flattened fish closely related to sharks. Stingrays come in all shapes and sizes and are one of the most beautiful creatures in the sea, but let’s face it, they are a little bizarre looking! Australian Venom Research Unit: "First Aid Information: Stingray." They are classified in the suborder Myliobatoidei of the order Myliobatiformes and consist of eight families: Hexatrygonidae (sixgill stingray), Plesiobatidae (deepwater stingray), Urolophidae (stingarees), Urotrygonidae (round rays), Dasyatidae (whiptail stingrays), Potamotrygonidae (river stingrays), Gymnuridae (butterfly rays), and Myliobatidae (eagle rays). Stingrays are cartilaginous, meaning they have no bones, which makes what their jaws can do even more extraordinary. All belong to a group of fish called Elasmobranchs. Stingrays are the most common group of fish that sting humans. Stingrays generally do not attack aggressively or even actively defend themselves. They often burrow beneath the sand in the shallows and swim in the open water. The hot water can help with pain and deactivating the venom. Although not usually aggressive, the stingray will use its stinger in self-defense when accidentally stepped on, secreting a venom into the victim's wound. The sting is painful, but usually not very harmful. Symptoms associated with a stingray sting include nausea, weakness, anxiety, vomiting, diarrhea, sweating, and breathing difficulties. This article describes the effects of a stingray sting. Patients should make their way back to the safety of shore by shuffling their feet (so they won't be stung again). The tail has sharp spines that contain venom.  The Stingray earned a great deal of negative attention when animal promoter and enthusiast Steve Irwin was stung by one and died. Stingray stings are very painful and patients will at a minimum need to undergo treatment for pain control. Stingrays are a group of sea rays, which are cartilaginous fish related to sharks. The sting contains a sharp spine with serrated edges, or barbs, that face the body of the fish.