Although it is less prominent now than it has been in the past, agriculture is still an important aspect of the Jamaican economy, with sugar being by far the most common export, followed by coffee, bananas, and cocoa. For forecasted years, the U.N. medium-fertility variant is used. used data from the number of the population from official sources. Formula: ([Population ages 0-15] ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100, Elderly dependency ratio Definition: population ages 65-plus divided by the population ages 16-64.Formula: ([Population ages 65-plus] ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100, Total dependency ratio Definition: sum of the youth and old-age ratios. Some portion of the population counted as "working age" may actually be unemployed or not in the labor force whereas some portion of the "dependent" population may be employed and not necessarily economically dependent. World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision. Depending on which estimates you use (the Jamaican government's or the CIA Factbook), Jamaica experienced a population growth of 5 or 15% from 2001 to 2011. The second-largest racial group is multiracial Jamaicans, many of whom have ancestors from Ireland. The largest city in Jamaica is Kingston, the capital city. Kingston Urban Area Population Projections. Global Rank: Position held by Jamaica in the list of all countries worldwide ranked by population (from the highest population to the lowest population) as of July 1 of the year indicated. Jamaica is a small island in the Caribbean Sea, but it makes up for its size with a high population density in comparison with much of the rest of the world. Jamaica was captured by the British in 1655 and became officially a British territory fifteen years later in the Treaty of Madrid. With 2,907,300 people living there as of 2019, for every square mile of Jamaican territory, however, there is an average of 685 people (265 people per square kilometer), making it the 35th most densely populated country in the world. The Jamaica Population (Live) counter shows a continuously updated estimate of the current population of Jamaica delivered by Worldometer's RTS algorithm, which processes data collected from the United Nations Population Division. View live population, charts & trends: Population of Jamaica, A Total Fertility Rate (TFR) of 2.1 represents the Replacement-Level Fertility: the average number of children per woman needed for each generation to exactly replace itself without needing international immigration. Still, most mixed-race people in the country self-report as just "Jamaican.". The total surface area is just 4,244 square miles (10,991 square kilometers) and this makes Jamaica the 160th largest nation on earth, when it comes to the geographical area. ; Jamaica 2020 population is estimated at 2,961,167 people at mid year according to UN data. The Kingston Metropolitan Area (KMA) and all parish capitals had a population of 1.041 million according to the census and, outside the KMA, the largest capital towns are Spanish Town in St Catherine (147,000) and Montego Bay (110,000). The 2019 population density in Jamaica is 272 people per Km2 (705 people per mi2), calculated on a total land area of 10,830 Km2 (4,181 sq. Jamaica Area and Population Density. KMA alone has 88% of the parishes of St. Andrew and Kingston. Youth Dependency Ratio Definition: population ages 0-15 divided by the population ages 16-64. Freed slaves staged the Morant Bay rebellion in 1865, which was quickly and violently put down by the British, forcing the local legislature to give up all of their powers. A value below 2.1 will cause the native population to decline, See also: Countries in the world ranked by Life Expectancy. Current projections believe that the growth rate will be down to -0.62% by the year 2050 and that the population of Jamaica will be roughly 2,913,160 in 2020, 2,932,629 in 2030, before beginning to decline towards 2,858,381 in 2040 and 2,703,591 by 2050.