, In 1963, three African-American students brought a case against the Mobile County School Board for being denied admission to Murphy High School. In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Mobile, AL was Drove Alone (85.5%), followed by those who Carpooled (7.47%) and those who Worked At Home (3.76%). It ranked 61st in the nation for the 2007–08 television season.  The parish was the first French Catholic parish established on the Gulf Coast of the United States. In 2017, the median household income of the 76.1k households in Mobile, AL grew to $40,020 from the previous year's value of $38,759. , By 1853, fifty Jewish families lived in Mobile, including Philip Phillips, an attorney from Charleston, South Carolina, who was elected to the Alabama State Legislature and then to the United States Congress. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%). Since 1990 the city has had its healthiest economy in decades, based on factors such as tax revenue, Port of Mobile tonnage, total employment, and residential sales. Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care, Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care, Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care, Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care. Maintaining the city commission form of government with at-large voting resulted in all positions being elected by the white majority, as African Americans could not command a majority for their candidates in the informally segregated city.  The city initiated construction of numerous new facilities and projects, and the restoration of hundreds of historic downtown buildings and homes. 87.5% of the population of Mobile, AL has health coverage, with 41.4% on employee plans, 19.7% on Medicaid, 11.8% on Medicare, 13.2% on non-group plans, and 1.44% on military or VA plans.  It features tombs and many intricately carved monuments and statues. The Gulf, Mobile and Ohio Passenger Terminal is an example of the Mission Revival style. This area was made a part of the expanded British West Florida colony. "Mardi Gras in Mobile" (history), Jeff Sessions, Senator, Library of Congress, 2006, webpage: "Newhouse News Service – The Press-Register" (description), Newhouse News Service, 2007, webpage: Cathedral Basilica of the Immaculate Conception, Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne, Sieur de Bienville, Jean-Baptiste de la Croix de Chevrières de Saint-Vallier, disenfranchised most blacks and many poor whites, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Late December 2012 North American storm complex, National African American Archives and Museum, St. Louis Street Missionary Baptist Church, Alabama School of Mathematics and Science, Southern Association of Colleges and Schools, The Mitchell Company Tournament of Champions, List of tallest buildings in Mobile, Alabama, National Register of Historic Places listings in Mobile, Alabama, "An Act to provide for Government of the Town of Mobile. Many belong to the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Mobile. It is distinguished from all other cities in the state of Alabama. This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Alabama (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.  The waterfront was developed with wharves, terminal facilities, and fireproof brick warehouses.  This four-year private college offers graduate programs in Business Administration, Education, Liberal Arts, Nursing (MSN), and Theological Studies. This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Mobile, AL, though some of these residents may live in Mobile, AL and work somewhere else. The Spanish wished to eliminate any British threat to their Louisiana colony west of the Mississippi River, which they had received from France in the 1763 Treaty of Paris. *Mobile refers to the city of Mobile, unless Mobile County is specifically stated. Doing business as BAE Systems Southeast Shipyards, the company continues to operate the site as a full-service shipyard, employing approximately 600 workers with plans to expand. On December 25, 2012, at 4:54 pm, a large wedge tornado touched down in the city.