Bloomsbury Publishing, 2008, 124-5.

"[John 14:18]. [70] He defended and refined the Nicene formula. This theory was established by the Latin Fathers of the fourth and fifth centuries, especially by Hilary of Poitiers, Augustine, and Leo the Great. (Christianity) In Christian belief, the three persons (personae) of the Godhead: Father, Son and Holy Spirit. [130][131], The Trinity is most commonly seen in Christian art with the Spirit represented by a dove, as specified in the Gospel accounts of the Baptism of Christ; he is nearly always shown with wings outspread. [38], In addition, the Old Testament has also been interpreted as foreshadowing the Trinity, by referring to God's word (Psalm 33:16), his spirit (Isaiah 61:1), and Wisdom (Proverbs 9:1), as well as narratives such as the appearance of the three men to Abraham. On the other hand, the Cappadocian Fathers argued that the Holy Spirit was equal to the Father and Son in nature or substance. In early medieval art, the Father may be represented by a hand appearing from a cloud in a blessing gesture, for example in scenes of the Baptism of Christ.

1155 Mount Vernon Hwy NE, Suite 800 Atlanta, GA 30338 4:1/Lk 4:1), and Paul refers to the Spirit interceding for believers (Rom 8:26–27) and witnessing to believers about their filial status with God (Rom 8:14–16). "Arianism" in Cross, F.L. The three persons of the Trinity always work inseparably, for their work is always the work of the one God. [19][20] Whereas some have argued that Matthew 28:19 was an interpolation on account of its absence from the first few centuries of early Christian quotations, scholars largely accept the passage as authentic due to its supporting manuscript evidence and that it does appear to be either quoted in the Didache (7:1-3)[21] or at least reflected in the Didache as part of a common tradition from which both Matthew and the Didache emerged.

2:11). doctrine and the effect of such a teaching? For evil-doers there will be no helpers. & Livingstone, E.A.

13:14 and in 1 Cor. [93], Perichoresis effectively excludes the idea that God has parts, but rather is a simple being. 97) Clement is alluding to the Trinitarian formula in Ephesians 4:4-6. Vigiliae Christianae (1970): 172-188. The Trinity, immortality of the soul, and hellfire are fraudulent doctrines. [55] The first defense of the doctrine of the Trinity was in the early 3rd century by the early church father Tertullian. The Son's will cannot be different from the Father's because it is the Father's.

This is the case because the relationis oppositio clause disallows the Persons to "share," qua Persons, the unique role that defines each of them. [53], The first of the early church fathers to be recorded using the word "Trinity" was Theophilus of Antioch writing in the late 2nd century. Augustine found that it is, and consists of "three: the lover, the beloved, and the love. “Is “High Human Christology” Sufficient? Other Trinitarian formulas found in the New Testament include in 2 Corinthians 13:14, 1 Corinthians 12:4–6, Ephesians 4:4–6, 1 Peter 1:2 and Revelation 1:4–5.