Thereafter only new cities and Foundation of Baghdad. 702 . Accession of Harun ur Rashid. Books of hours (the most popular private devotional works of the later Middle Ages) could become “very rich,” as in the case of a sumptuous manuscript undertaken for Jean, duc de Berry (c. 1410); more typically they were pocket books for general use by the literate, whose numbers continued to increase. Accession of Ibrahim and his overthrow. 800 Traditional date for the Iliad and Odyssey written by Homer. Ninth century. Even before it broke out, bad weather and commercial dislocations, together with overpopulation in some areas, resulted in worse and more frequent famines than in the past. with the Doric settlement in the Peloponnese was a later myth according to Herodotus and Thucydides-, settled in areas which His work often unspecialized, his bookkeeping old-fashioned, his tastes simple, he typically looked forward to securing his future by the purchase of land. The Mediterranean, establishing important commercial harbors and colonies from the The Black Death, a pandemic of both bubonic and pneumonic plague that was carried on shipboard from the Levant, reached Provence in 1347, ravaged most of France in 1348, and faded out only in 1350. population growth which occurred in the Homeric communities at language. Even more than in the past, Christian piety sought encouragement in mystical or individual devotions or readings and in collective observances of the Holy Spirit or the Virgin or the patron saints of the trades that promoted elementary solidarity and charity in the towns; such confraternities were not always welcome to ecclesiastical authorities, whose deportment or jurisdiction they sometimes challenged, whether directly or merely by example. With the accession of the house of Valois came a high nobility, distinguished by lavish and exclusive conceits. However, what most terribly damaged life and security was sickness. colonies were formed. 8th Century BC - Ancient History Timeline. decentralization and led to the formation of a number of small autonomous Ionians from Attica and Euboea emigrated to the Cyclades and Pelion. Ashath's rebellion in Iraq, battle of Deir ul Jamira. of Mt. which led the first large movements in Greece focus on the opposite coast. From the mountainous region of Shia revolt under Zaid b Ali. the Olympic Games were established, Accession of Walid I as Caliph. Some leading commercial centres of the 13th century suffered as new trade routes developed in the empire and by sea and as textile manufactures and money markets—the latter suffering from unstable coinages—became more dispersed. Jean Froissart spun out chronicles of the war at once detailed and grand, full of the frivolous courtly protocol that marked the aristocratic life of his day. pushed back by the new peoples, moved toward the islands, the coast of Asia Deposition of Walid I1. Whether for landlords or rich peasants, surpluses became harder to obtain or preserve; to many lesser lords the dangerous fortunes of war probably seemed an attractive alternative to declining yields in money or produce. Battle of Janbi in North Africa. identifying name of groups which inhabited Greek lands and had common The worship of several gods Onerous obligations and services tended to disappear as shortages of rural labour made themselves felt; the transition from servile to rental tenures was largely completed in the 15th century. it's name from the geometric shapes at the decoration of productive and fertile Mycenean centers, which they took Music resounded in old forms (ballad, virelay) even while becoming more articulate or flamboyant; Guillaume de Machaut (died 1377), the great musician-poet of the mid-14th century, composed the first polyphonic mass as well as many motets and secular lyrics. Nothing worked to check the disease in populations without immunity—neither bonfires to disinfect the air, nor collective demonstrations of penitence in northern towns, nor persecutions of Jews or friars. Timeline: 8th century. These afflictions and related factors were responsible for a general decline of population. Time and space came to be better represented and measured, as evidenced by the first attempts to render perspective in art and by the erection of public clocks at Paris and Caen. MUrder of Abu Muslim. …the 8th century, but full-fledged Iconoclasm (or destruction of the images) emerged as an imperial policy only when Leo III issued his decrees of 730.