Social strains and a world’s fair: the city comes of age, JewishEncyclopedia.com - Chicago, United States, Jewish Virtual Library - Chicago, United States, CRW Flags - Flag of Chicago, Illinois, United States, Chicago - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Chicago - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Its position as a hub for rail and air travel has always meant that at any one time a large portion of the people in the city are out-of-towners. Over the years its location has fostered a lively convention trade—a fact that has led hundreds of organizations and corporations to call it home. That fact has contributed much to the city’s reputed personality. Chicago also has many beautiful sculptures in its parks throughout the city, including the fountain at Grant Park and the Cloud Gate at AT&T Plaza at Millennium Park. The sports teams of Chicago are other well-known attractions of the city. That’s one thing that’s really exciting about this map. It was the city of the humble immigrant and the new millionaire, the home of brazen criminals such as Al Capone and of great humanitarians such as settlement-house pioneer Jane Addams and child-welfare crusader Lucy Flower. endstream endobj 174 0 obj <>stream The effects of aspirin-like mixtures have been known for centuries now. A drive across Chicago’s lively immigrant neighbourhoods is a trip around the world: the cultures of virtually every country can be found in food stores, restaurants, clothing shops, music and video dealers, places of worship, and street-corner conversations. The city is the home of the Field Museum and the Museum of Science and Industry. However, Chicago’s location at the southwestern end of the vast Great Lakes system could not have been more ideal as the country expanded westward in the 19th century, and perhaps this is reflected in another interpretation of the Native American term as meaning “strong” or “great.” Regardless of which derivation is correct, it was soon recognized that the Chicago River formed a critical link in the great waterway that arose mid-century between the Atlantic Ocean and the Mississippi River. It was not unusual for farmers bringing a wagon of wheat across the prairie to Chicago to return home with a load of lumber for a frame house or outbuilding. Chicago continued as America’s crossroads with the explosive growth of air travel after World War II, which eased the city’s transition into a postindustrial economy. Chicago never fulfilled its dream of becoming the largest American city, but between 1890 and 1982 it was second only to New York City. Chicago is a city rich in history. During the 19th century it was regarded as exceptional for the speed of its growth and the diversity of its population, yet its interior location supposedly made it a much more “typically American” city than New York.